Dear visitors! We welcome you on the official site of the National historical and archeological reserve “Stone Tomb”!
Here you will find only reliable information about unique monument of nature and archeology “Stone Tomb”.
The river of time carried to us the outstanding achievement of the antiquity man. Everything we possess now, everything we achieved in the technical progress era, had been formed in the antiquity. The everlasting desire of the human for the Cognition, which became the need as air, as life itself, gave the opportunity with the help of science of past – archaeology - to penetrate into this unknown world and solve its numerous mysteries.
The majestic and lonely stone hill is located in the endless steppe near settlement of Mirnoye, Melitopol Rayon, Zaporozhye Oblast… Sandstone boulders, exposed to the wind during millions of years, overgrown with greenish-gray lichen are various, fanciful and fantastic by contours, which makes the impression of silent majesty. People call this hill the Stone Tomb from time immemorial. Why tomb? Because for many thousands of years hunters, cattle breeders and farmers knew that high barrows in the steppe are ancestors’ tombs.
However Stone Tomb is exclusively nature formation. Nowadays the hill is 12 meters high. About 3 thousand plates are on the 1.3 hectares.
It is not chaotic sandstone plates conglomerate, but properly cracked stone shell, which caves and grottoes were very comfortable for religious purposes. The Stone Tomb hill was the “Sacred hill” and pilgrimage site for our ancestors. During many thousands of years ancient hunters, cattle breeders, numerous nations – the Cimmerians, Scythians, Sarmatians, Goths, Huns, Pechenegs, Khazars, Cuman people – have been going there… Everybody, who came here, found the solitary place, created original altar and performed religious rites.
Ancient people have left thousands of images – petroglyphs (Greek: stone carving) – in grottoes and caves. In general, the images were not applied on sandstones in paints, as in France or Southern Ural, but were rubbed with the piece of solid rock. They formed the hollows, which sometimes were covered with mineral black and red paints. The monument uniqueness is that images of different historical epochs – from Upper Paleolithic to Middle Ages – are met here. The petroglyphs chronology covers the huge period from BC 24-22 millennia to AD 10-12 centuries.
Rising in the Near Azov Sea steppe near Melitopol, Stone Tomb is phenomenal in human understanding. It is much more older than Stonehenge, Egyptian pyramids and all the Oriental ziggurats. That is why for many thousands of years it was “Mecca” for the Great Steppe ancient priests, who have left here the sacral signs of their religion…
Stone Tomb served as the “world mountain” as the Olympus in ancient Greece. The steppe hill is an original model of the Universe, which shows the essence of space structure, i.e. an entrance into the lower, beyond world. On the other hand, Stone Tomb is an original temple, which combined three worlds – celestial, ground and subterranean ones. The sandstone hill has been fulfilling this role for many millennia…
Stone Tomb is a temple of our universal culture and spirituality, preserved on the south of Ukraine, where not only petroglyphs and picturesque images – mythologemical arts, but also the first specimens of scripts can be seen, which demonstrate our ancestors’ high culture.
According to the Ukraine President’s decree № 815 on September 10, 2008, the historical and archaeological reserve “Stone Tomb” has gained the status of the National one.up